Ägypten – es geht weiter

Die ägyptische Revolution ist nicht mehr in den Schlagzeilen. Im Land macht sich durchaus Ernüchterung breit, sowohl mit der Übergangsregierung, als auch mit der Erkenntnis, dass man Demokratie nicht essen kann.

Trotz der Ablehnung der Armee, auf die Demonstranten zu schießen, kommt es zu Toten, Verhaftungen und sonstigen unschönen Vorfällen. Auch die halbherzige Öffnung Rafahs (heute wieder mal zu) erfüllt nicht die Erwartungen.

Unterdessen laufen Vorbereitungen zu Wahlen zum Parlament und Präsidenten. Heute gab es eine Runde Interviews mit Anwärtern auf das Präsidentenamt, leider habe ich noch keine passenden links – gab nur ein paar tweets.

Daneben gründen sich Parteien, um an der Wahl zum Parlament teilnehmen zu können. Auch da suche ich noch nach einem guten Überblick. Interessant, wenn auch von vielen Seiten äußerst misstrauisch beäugt, ist die Freedom and Justice Party. Sie wurde von der Muslimbruderschaft – die sich selbst nicht als politische Partei begreift – gegründet, soll deren Linie vertreten, aber eigentständig sein. 1% der Gründungsmitglieder sind Kopten, also Christen. Auch der derzeitige Vizepräsident der Partei, Rafiq Habib. Er ist ein in Ägypten bekannter Mann, auch Autor und Denker.

Die ägyptische Daily News hat ein Interview mit ihm geführt und der daraus entstandene Artikel ist sehr interessant – vor allem, wenn man bedenkt, wie wenig authentische Informationen gerade über die MB in Deutschland veröffnentlicht werden.

Zitate:

His decision to join the leadership of a party representing the ideologies and principles of the Muslim Brotherhood outraged and shocked the Coptic community.

“The problem is that the Christian community has a completely distorted image of the Islamic movement because of the former corrupt regime and its media,” he said.

As a result, most Copts believe that the role of Islamic movements in society and politics will deprive Copts of their basic rights, he added.

Most Copts consider Al-Qaeda the only model that represents Islamic groups, according to Habib.

He accused the former regime, which he described as “a tyrant secular regime,” of “hijacking” and exploiting Copts to fight against the Islamic movement in the political arena.

“After the January 25 Revolution, Copts are again being exploited by the secular elite against the Islamic movement.” This increases the rift between Copts and Muslims and compromises national unity, he added.

Habib pointed out the hypocrisy in exploiting the Coptic group to support the secular movement, “although [Copts] are a conservative group that don’t adopt or represent secular ideas or principles.”

He said that this was one of the main reasons he decided to join the FJP.

“This is the beginning of communication and building a bridge between Copts and the Islamic movement. … The gap and rivalry between Copts and the Islamic movement in general is an unnatural phenomenon and if it continues it will represent a danger to society.”

Habib refuted claims that the FJP was a theocratic religious party posing as a civil one to get around the law.

He explained that a religious party is one that calls for the rule of religious scholars or consists of followers of one specific religion or is based on the principle of the divine right to rule. These principles don’t apply to the FJP, according to Habib.

The FJP has 8,821 founding members across Egypt’s 27 governorates, including 978 women and 93 Copts. It is expected to start operating officially on June 17.

Habib stressed that the FJP has a political program that allows Copts to be influential leaders and members within the party.

Regarding cooperation between Salafi groups and the Muslim Brotherhood, Habib said that if the secular movement continued to launch media campaigns against the Islamic movements, this will force its diverse factions to unite instead of competing against each other in the political arena.

“I always describe the Brotherhood as a moderate wing inside the Islamic movement. The Salafi groups are more conservative than the Brotherhood and have different political views.”

He explained that Salafi groups are considered the right wing of the Islamic movements and include many factions, including extremist groups.

On May 1, the group announced that it will contest 45-50 percent of seats in the upcoming People’s Assembly elections slated for September.

The group repeatedly stated that it would not field a candidate in the next presidential elections and wouldn’t support any member who decides to run as an independent. MB senior member Abdel Moniem Aboul Fotouh announced earlier his intention to resign from the group and run for president. He was joined this week by Islamic preacher and lawyer Hazem Abu Ismail, who claimed to be a prominent MB figure, although the group denied that.

Habib said that these announcements put the group in a difficult position to maintain its credibility.

He added that the group implements a strict policy against members who defy its rules and expels them from the group. “That’s the only thing the group can do,” he said. “It can’t prevent any of its members from resigning and running in the presidential elections.”

Ich werde versuchen, diesen Artikel mit links zu vervollständigen – es wird sicher noch sehr interessant.

 

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